The purpose is to prevent sports injuries, emergency treatment, rehabilitation of sports injuries, prevention and recurrence of sports injuries. Sports wrap bandage is a bandaging technique that protects the body (mainly joints, muscles, and tendons) by keeping the human body within the normal range of motion.
Ⅰ. Reasons for using sports wrap bandage
1. It can fix joints and muscles more effectively (the effect can last for 3-4 hours).
2. The bandage is close to the skin, which can correspond to the movement of joints and muscles and is not easy to fall off.
3. Good ultra-thinness and fit feel are very important protective tools for competitive sports wearing sports shoes.
4. The types of sports wrap bandage and the method of bandaging are easy to master.
Ⅱ. The role of sports wrap bandage
1. Prevention of sports injuries. Protect and strengthen joints and muscles to prevent sports injuries. It is one of the means of effective protection for ankles, wrists, fingers and other vulnerable parts.
2. Emergency treatment of sports injuries. Sports wrap bandage is used for the purpose of compressing and immobilizing the injured part.
3. Prevent re-injury. The part that has been injured is more likely to relapse. Sports wrap bandage is used in order not to aggravate the injured part and to reduce the burden on the injured part.
Ⅲ. sports wrap bandage
1. Ring bandaging method
This sports wrap bandage method is used for small or cylindrical parts of the limbs, such as hands, feet, wrists and forehead, and is also used for the beginning of various dressings. Roll up the bandage, hold it with your right hand, unfold the bandage about 8cm, fix the head end of the bandage with your left thumb on the part to be bandaged, and wrap the part with your right hand continuously in a ring, the number of rolls depends on the need, and fix the end of the bandage with adhesive tape.
2. Spiral wrapping method
It is used for parts with approximately equal circumference, such as upper arm, fingers, etc. Starting from the far end, two rolls are wrapped in a circular manner, and then spirally wound at a 30° angle to the proximal end. Each roll overlaps the previous roll by 2/3, and the end is fixed with adhesive tape. When the first aid lacks bandages or temporarily fixes the splint, the bandages do not cover each other every week, which is called snake dressing.
3. Spiral anti-folding bandage method
This sports wrap bandage method is used for parts with different circumferences, such as forearm, calf, thigh, etc. At first, do a circular bandage for two weeks, and then do a spiral bandage. Fold the tape down from this point, covering 1/3 or 2/3 of the previous week. Each reflexion must be neatly arranged in a straight line, but each reflexion should not be at the wound or bone prominence.
4. "8" shaped dressing method
It is used for bandaging and fixing clavicle fractures in joints such as shoulders, elbows, wrists, and ankles. Taking the elbow joint as an example, wrap 2 rolls circularly in the middle of the joint first, wrap the bandage above the joint first, then wrap it under the joint through the flexion side, wrap it around the back side of the limb to the flexion side of the limb, and then wrap it around the joint above the joint, and so on. Wrap up and down the joint continuously in the shape of "8", each roll overlaps the previous roll by 2/3, and finally wrap 2 rolls circularly above the joint and fix with adhesive tape.
5. Return bandage method
It is used for the top of the head, fingertips and limb stumps for a series of left and right or front and rear return bandages. After covering all the bandaged parts, perform a circular bandage for two weeks.