For the purpose of preventing sports injuries, emergency treatment, rehabilitation of sports injuries, prevention and recurrence of sports injuries, athletic sports tapes are used to prevent the human body from exceeding the normal range of motion so as to protect the body (mainly joints, muscles, tendons).
1. The difference between the use of athletic sports tapes and kinesthetic tapes
Athletic sports tapes can provide fixation and compression strength suitable for bone and body shape, and can more effectively fix joints and muscles (the effect can last 3-4 hours); the bandage is close to the skin, can correspond to the movement of joints and muscles, and is not easy to fall off; Good ultra-thinness and fit feel are very important protective tools for competitive sports in sports shoes.
The biggest difference between athletic sports tapes and kinesthetic tapes is that athletic sports tapes are better at limiting joints, protecting ligaments, and improving defense. The kinesthetic tape can be used more widely to adjust muscle tension, correct posture, promote soft tissue repair and subcutaneous drainage.
There is no difference between the two types of taping effects and methods. In the most ideal case, the two types of taping can effectively improve various sports injuries.
The kinesthetic tape can be used to improve the condition of the soft tissue first, and then the athletic sports tape can be used to strengthen the outer layer to limit the angle of the joint to protect the injured tendon and ligament.
Ⅱ. The role of athletic sports tapes
(1) Prevention of sports injuries. Protects and strengthens joints and muscles for the purpose of preventing sports injuries. It is one of the means to effectively protect vulnerable parts such as ankles, wrists and fingers.
(2) Emergency treatment of sports injuries. athletic sports tapes are used for compression and immobilization of the injured area.
(3) Prevention of re-injury. Once injured areas are more likely to recur. athletic sports tapes are used in order not to worsen and reduce the burden on the injured area.
Ⅲ. athletic sports tape dressing method
(1) Ring wrapping method
This athletic sports tape method is used for small or cylindrical parts of the limb, such as the hands, feet, wrists and foreheads, and is also used at the beginning of various dressings. Roll the bandage upwards, hold it with the right hand, unfold the bandage about 8cm, fix the head end of the bandage with the left thumb to the part to be bandaged, and wrap the part in a continuous loop with the right hand.
(2) Spiral wrapping method
For parts with approximately equal circumferences, such as upper arms, fingers, etc. From the distal end, first wrap two rolls in a ring shape, and then wrap them in a 30° angle spiral to the proximal end. Each roll overlaps the previous roll by 2/3, and the end is fixed with tape. The weekly bandages do not cover each other in the absence of bandages in first aid or temporarily immobilize the splint, which is called snake dressing.
(3) Spiral reflex wrapping method
This athletic sports tape dressing method is used for parts with different circumferences, such as forearms, calves, thighs, etc. Start with a two-week ring dressing, then a spiral dressing, and then press the middle of the top of the tape with the thumb of one hand, and the other hand. Fold the tape back down from this point, covering 1/3 or 2/3 of the previous week. Each reflexion must be neatly arranged in a straight line, but each reflexion should not be at the wound and bony prominence.
(4) "8" wrapping method
It is used for bandaging and fixation of clavicle fractures in shoulder, elbow, wrist, ankle, and other joints. Take the elbow joint as an example, first wrap 2 rolls in the middle of the joint, first wrap the bandage above the joint, then wrap it under the joint through the flexion side, pass the dorsal side of the limb to the flexion side of the limb, and then wrap it above the joint, and so on. Wrap up and down the joint continuously in the shape of "8", each roll overlaps with the previous roll by 2/3, and finally wrap 2 rolls above the joint in a circular shape, and fix it with tape.
(5) Reverse wrapping method
For the top of the head, finger tips and limb stumps, it is a series of left and right or front and rear reverse bandages. After covering all the bandaged parts, make a ring bandage for two weeks.